Data Protection: File Replication vs. Backup

The storage system capacity is quickly expanding every single day. Technological innovations offer more storage and extended retention periods for all kinds of data generated and transmitted by a company. Accumulation of data raises security concerns, so protecting from capacity failure and implementing strategies to deter loss of data is a policy that a company should thoroughly establish.

Businesses can use a file replication software or backup program to prevent data loss and storage failure. 

File replication software.

Here, we’ll have a review of file replication vs. backup:

File Replication

File replication software is the program used for replicating/copying directories from primary storage (production) to backup storage (replication). Document scale duplication is asynchronous, so records are first saved to the primary storage and afterward retrieved and reproduced to the secondary storage facility based on a specified timetable. Since information is duplicated with latency, primary storage failure may cause loss of data once the latest adjustments have not been transmitted to secondary storage. 

The entire reproduction framework can use different processes of data transfer from the point of origin (primary storage system) to the target (secondary storage system). Information can be replicated locally inside the program or through a Local Area Network (LAN) or Wide Area Network (WAN).


Backup is a method for copying and indexing files. Information contained by the reserve can be reinstated after data failure or, if possible, could be recovered to historical data. The backup must have at least one complete copy of the file directory that needs to be kept safe. Further modifications to the records could be made using distinct processes identified in the backup policy. 

Types of backup:

  • Full is a precise duplicate of the information that needs to be preserved.
  • Differential includes modifications from the last full system backup has been completed and requires at least one full back up as the point of reference for data recovery.
  • Incremental includes alterations since the previous copy. Previous backup (full or incremental) is a point of reference. It is essential to recover the system entirely, an original full substitute is needed, and a sequence of incremental backups is made over a specified period. 

Data backup drawback

The main disadvantage of data backup is that it needs extended time to back up and recover information. Data backup functions accurately, but it requires a lot longer to back up information than to duplicate it. 

That’s because each document has to be reproduced just like scanning for a system malware. Every file is inspected, and the method takes time.

In using data backup, the method can require a few minutes to several hours, and the workflow would have to cease throughout that duration. 

For this purpose, companies that use information storage backup when there’s no operation has a higher chance of losing files between backups. However, this is not the situation with data replication. Data can be recovered at shorter periods, as the reproduction of information can happen regularly.

Specific techniques of securing your information have their advantages and disadvantages, some of which are more costly to execute than the others. The choice of data security strategy ultimately depends on the budget, the recovery period necessary for the company and its disaster management plan.

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